Over the past decade there have been numerous efforts to better align performance measures across payers in both the private sector and public programs. Building on these efforts and with the advancement of alternate payment models (APMs), the Core Quality Measures Collaborative (CQMC) achieved the first step in refining measures, reducing burden and recognizing high value measures.
In mid-February, the CQMC reached an important milestone when it released seven core measure sets to support accountability and quality improvement in selected areas of practice. These measure sets are designed to help commercial and government payers align the way they assess health care quality. The availability of sets of uniform and consistent standards helps streamline the reporting process for providers and payers, which in turn can lead to more efficient and higher quality care for patients.
The seven areas that the Collaborative selected for the development of core quality measures—Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs)/Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs)/Primary Care, Cardiology, Gastroenterology, HIV/Hepatitis C, Medical Oncology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Orthopedics—were chosen because of their high prevalence, high cost, and the variability in care that they experience. In addition to those seven core measures released in February, the CQMC is also in the process of developing core measures for pediatrics, patient experience, and patient-reported outcomes. The core measure sets identified by the CQMC will be phased in over time as contracts are renewed or measures are reconsidered in the contract.
The CQMC is led by America’s Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) and the chief medical officers of member plans, as well as leaders from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the National Quality Forum (NQF), national physician organizations, employers, and consumers and patient groups. The Collaborative was established to address the problems caused by the variability in the use of measures and measure specifications to assess quality of care. Such variability in measurement placed a heavy administrative burden on clinicians, and created confusion for consumers when they tried to select clinicians.
To address this problem, the CQMC set out to identify core sets of quality measures that payers would adopt as soon as feasible. The core sets of measures and the use of standardized measure specifications for these measures will help providers, consumers, health plans, employers, and policymakers get reliable and useful information about the quality of health care in order to make informed decisions. As payers move to APMs, the need for consistent core measures across public and private sectors has grown.
The Collaborative’s aims in developing the core measure sets are:
- To recognize high-value, high-impact, evidence-based measures that promote better patient health outcomes, and provide useful information for improvement, decision-making, and payment;
- To reduce the burden of measurement and volume of measures by eliminating low-value metrics, redundancies, and inconsistencies in measure specifications and quality measure reporting requirements across players; and
- To refine, align, and harmonize measures across payers to achieve congruence in the measures being used for payment and other accountability purposes.
The mission and goals of the Health Care Payment Learning and Action Network (LAN) dovetail with the aims of the CQMC. Since its inception, the LAN has been working collaboratively with the CQMC. There is a healthy degree of overlap in the membership of the two groups, which helps ensure that the two efforts keep each other informed of activities and progress in their respective areas of interest. This overlap also enables the sharing of tools and resources.
The LAN work groups have already begun incorporating these core measure sets into their work products related to APMs such as population-based payments (PBPs) and clinical episode payments (CEPs). For example, the CEP Work Group’s white paper on episode payment for elective joint replacement makes reference to the CQMC’s orthopedic core set, v. 1.0, which includes three measures of hip and knee replacement outcomes, as well as patients’ experience with their care. The Work Group is also considering referring to the Collaborative’s core measure sets in its forthcoming draft white papers on episode payment for maternity care and cardiac care.
The LAN’s PBP Work Group is also exploring the concept of data sharing as a necessary component of the successful implementation of PBP models and will define desired data sharing practices to facilitate the adoption of PBP models in an upcoming white paper. This effort to improve the sharing of data among payers, providers, patients and other stakeholders is relevant to the use of core quality measures as CMS and health care plans having access to the clinical data reported by providers will in turn inform the core quality measures as part of an iterative process.
The CQMC looks forward to continuing its mutually beneficial relationship with the LAN as both organizations continue their respective efforts to improve health outcomes for all Americans.
Please note that guest blogs from Guiding Committee and Work Group members represent the views of the individual authors and do not represent official positions of the Guiding Committee, Work Groups, CAMH, or CMS.